Cities, companies, and innovation – Why cities keep growing

A theoretical physicist and researcher of complex adaptive systems, Geoffrey West asked himself what social systems have in common with biological systems: Could it be that cities or companies actually follow the same underlying principles like plants or animals? Is London a great big whale? Is Walmart an elephant? In earlier work, he and his team had investigated the role […]

Attention! Attention!

Expert attention is to creative problem solving what water is to life in the desert: it’s the fundamental scarce resource. Michael Nielsen developed this idea in Reinventing Discovery, and I fully agree with him. True to the book’s subtitle, he discusses The New Era of Networked Science, where the tailored exploitation of information technology enhances and […]